8. Financial guarantees
 

Hyprop provided guarantees to banks for the funding provided for the acquisition of each of Hystead’s investments in South-Eastern Europe (refer to note 2.4 – Encumbered investment property and note 34 – Financial instruments – Fair values and risk management).

Hyprop has guaranteed the obligations underlying the Euro funding agreements (EUR111,5 million and EUR164 million) and has given certain undertakings to and in favour of Rand Merchant Bank, Standard Bank and Nedbank.

During the year 46% of the loans guaranteed by Hyprop were refinanced through in-country asset backed finance, with 54% of the funding in Hystead secured by shareholder guarantees at 30 June 2018.

Per the shareholders’ agreement, Hyprop guarantees 90% of the funding and PDI Investment Holdings Limited (PDI, the 40% shareholder) 10%. PDI has provided back-to-back guarantees to Hyprop for a further 11,7% of the total guaranteed amount and for the remaining, disproportionate 18,3% that Hyprop guarantees, it receives 60% of the related PDI dividend (the credit enhancement fee).

8.1   2018
R000
  2017
R000
 
  Credit enhancement fee(1) 46 671   36 931  
  (1) included in the consolidated statement of profit or loss and other comprehensive income under other income        
 

This agreement is in place until May 2021, when the shareholders' agreement expires.

Recognition of the revised guarantees at fair value resulted in a credit to the statement of profit or loss and a change in the fair value of the financial asset and the financial liability relating to the investment in Hystead.

The valuation of these guarantees is dependent on estimated credit spreads, forecast cash flows and forecast interest rates, which require significant judgement.

8.2   2018 
R000 
  2017 
R000 
 
  Balance at 1 July 163 855       
  Net change 21 831    163 855   
     Recognition of new financial guarantees 33 815    163 855   
     Derecognition of guarantees (11 984)      
  Balance at 30 June 185 686    163 855